United States Secretary of the Interior


  Whig (3)
  Democratic (16)
  Republican (33)

  Denotes acting Secretary of the Interior
Number Portrait Name State of Residence Took office Left office President(s)
1 ThomasEwingSr.jpg Thomas Ewing Ohio March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
2 Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan.png Thomas M. T. McKennan Pennsylvania August 15, 1850 August 26, 1850
3 AxHHStuart.jpg Alexander H. H. Stuart Virginia September 14, 1850 March 7, 1853
4 Robert McClelland 1.jpg Robert McClelland Michigan March 8, 1853 March 9, 1857 Franklin Pierce
5 Jacob Thompson (ca. 1857).jpg Jacob Thompson Mississippi March 10, 1857 January 8, 1861 James Buchanan
6 CBSmith.jpg Caleb B. Smith Indiana March 5, 1861 December 31, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
7 John Palmer Usher.jpg John P. Usher Indiana January 1, 1863 May 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
8 James-Harlan.jpg James Harlan Iowa May 16, 1865 August 31, 1866 Andrew Johnson
9 Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy.jpg Orville H. Browning Illinois September 1, 1866 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
10 Jacob Dolson Cox - Brady-Handy.jpg Jacob D. Cox Ohio March 5, 1869 October 31,
Read More

Department of Interior Design | VCUarts

interior design

About the Department

The Department of Interior Design provides an intellectually rigorous, studio-based experience grounded in the issues of interior architecture. One of the oldest programs of its kind in U.S., we offer a curriculum that balances academic study with professional training, helping students gain both conceptual knowledge and technical skill.

Our BFA in Interior Design and MFA in Design (Interior Environments) degree programs are accredited by CIDA, the Council for Interior Design Accreditation.

Our alumni are commercial designers, hospitality designers, residential designers, museum and exhibition designers and lighting designers.

We have over a hundred undergraduate and graduate students from all over the U.S. and abroad.

Degree Programs

This studio-based program focuses on creating conceptually driven, critical holistic three-dimensional spaces, with the principles of space, form, color and light serving as the foundations of your studies.

Interior Design students

Bachelor of Fine Arts in Interior Design

The department’s relationships with design firms nationwide

Read More

Dreamy Paintings by Jacob Brostrup Layer Interior and Exterior Scenes into Surreal Composites


#oil painting

“Out of the Swamp,” oil on canvas, 130 x 140 centimeters. All images © Jacob Brostrup

Danish artist Jacob Brostrup (previously) beautifully blurs the organic and domestic in his enchanting scenes of soaked floorboards and branches that jut from every corner. What could be a reason to phone a contractor in real life, the downed trees and pooling water in the artist’s oil paintings create a fictional universe in which nature and humanity exist simultaneously in the same space. Each artwork is filled with an incredible number of realistic details that pattern armchairs and provide moss its fuzzy texture.

In a statement, Brostrup referred to his vivid works as “a sampling of snapshots, of hidden glimpse(s) of the past, of other cultures, of the movement of everyday life… There are layers upon layers; a fusion of sensory impressions.” His process begins with a

Read More

Brush of Color Interior & Exterior Painting


Call Today For A Free Quote And FREE BONUS!!!!

Finding the right painters for your job can be as tedious as finding a needle in a haystack. When it comes to professional painting services, you want painters in Delaware who are going to provide excellent service. With over 20 years of experience in the industry, we take pride in our work and are a set of skilled professionals who will deliver what you need every time. We are flexible and are among the best Delaware painters in the area. House painters near me are a dime a dozen. If you’re looking for painters in the Delaware area, look no further. We provide painting services for the interior of your home, the exterior, cabinets and any other surface that needs painting. We do it all, big or small. No job is too challenging for our team of professionals. Painters in

Read More

Office Interior Design Dubai | Top Interior Design Firm Dubai

interiors designed to function

Interiors.R.US is a professional Dubai based Design and Fit-Out company with in-house Joinery facilities to make the concept designs a reality.

With more than a decade of experience in both interior design and production, we design interiors knowing the practicalities – an understanding that “form follows function”. We design interiors Knowing the practicalities of production and the stresses of everyday use. We are a professional, qualified turnkey solutions Within company who are well conversant with the entire design and the fit out process.

We can help you with anything from planning your inner designing and making furniture buying Decisions, facia to fabricating and installing fittings. Our track record Proves That We Have Been successful in providing the fit out solutions for diverse indoor environs.

With newer ideas and business concepts making space in the market, entrepreneurs and companies are also looking at sophisticated and innovative workspaces

Read More

2021 Ford Bronco Sport Interior Fully Revealed In New Spy Shots

The interior of the 2021 Ford Bronco Sport has been spied fully uncovered, betraying a design that’s wholly different from the Escape that shares its platform.

The 2021 Ford Bronco Sport is on its way to give Ford an off-road–oriented crossover like the Jeep Renegade Trailhawk, and today its interior was spied completely uncovered. The Bronco Sport is based on the same platform as the current Escape, but thankfully, it features wholly different interior and exterior styling from Ford’s inoffensive-but-bland small crossover. 

Taking a page from its square-jawed bodywork, the Bronco Sport’s interior is suitably beefed up relative to the carlike Escape. The fully digital gauge cluster – which is likely an option – hides inside a hooded binnacle not unlike that of the F-150 pickup. Likewise the center dashboard air vents that bookend a horizontal floating touchscreen, under which is a slot for storing phones, wallets, and the like.

Read More

Tone on Tone – Interior & Garden Design


It’s been four months since I closed my antiques shop in Maryland, and I really do miss everyone! Some of you have emailed, called or texted me – many thanks for staying in touch.

A few of you have asked about sourcing antiques, and where to buy the kinds of pieces that I used to sell at Tone on Tone. I’m pleased to share a favorite source of mine.

From Gustavian painted furniture to garden accessories, Cote Jardin Antiques in Georgetown, DC has it all. I’ve been purchasing from them for years. Do you remember the giant clock face in the breakfast room of our first home? That came from CJA.

Cote Jardin specializes in fine garden antiques – think of carved stone urns, important bronze statuary, charming faux bois furniture, etc. They also have an impressive inventory of antique French, Italian, Swedish, English, and other Continental furniture and

Read More

Best Denver Painters, Interior Exterior, Painting Contractor Services

Need best Denver painters for next paint contractor services?

Finding top painters in Denver Colorado, with your important interior, exterior, residential or commercial painting contractor solutions nearby, is first step. See Denver’s established Eco Paint, Inc. (Eco Paint).

Always putting best foot forward, employs professional, reliable, yet affordable interior and exterior Denver painters. Painting homes, offices near you.

Critically acclaimed team of accomplished team of pro painters, provides you with complete exterior, interior painting assistance. Painting homes & offices for a flawless, turn-key, professional paint job, each and every time.

Our Colorado painting company offers you honest, experienced, highly qualified, motivated team of seasoned painters, for your next painting project, is just the answer!

Best_Denver_Painters_for_Your_Next_ Paint_Contractor_Services

Your remarkable painting contractor, Eco Paint combining State of the Art painting services, bringing new life with every job.

Out of all painting companies in Colorado, Eco Paint is by far a true leader in the

Read More

Report Finds Meddling in Interior Dept. Actions

WASHINGTON — The inspector general of the Interior Department has found that agency officials often interfered with scientific work in order to limit protections for species at risk of becoming extinct, reviving attention to years of disputes over the Bush administration’s science policies.

In a report delivered to Congress on Monday, the inspector general, Earl E. Devaney, found serious flaws in the process that led to 15 decisions related to policies on endangered species.

The report suggested that at least some of those decisions might need to be revisited under the Obama administration.

Among the more significant decisions was one reducing the number of streams that would be designated as critical habitat for the endangered bull trout and protected from commercial use. That rule is already the subject of a lawsuit by environmentalists.

“The results of this investigation paint a picture of something akin to a secret society residing within

Read More

What Are the Responsibilities of an Interior Designer?

If you have a flair for design and enjoy working with people, interior design may be an ideal career choice. Interior designers use artistic elements to create living and working spaces that meet the needs of various clients. In contrast to an interior decorator, interior designers have specialized education in building codes, environmental sustainability, technological design and other physical design considerations. Interior decorators furnish a space, without advanced knowledge of artistic and mechanical design elements.

Job Description

Residential Design

If you specialize in residential interior design, you will work closely with clients to determine their needs and wants for a specific room, or an entire home. In some cases, you may provide design expertise for a new building project. You may also be called upon to help with a single indoor or outdoor living space. Most design projects involve meeting several times with clients, creating a design and providing furniture

Read More