Accessible Exterior Surfaces – United States Access Board

Accessible Exterior Surfaces

June 21, 1999

Prepared by:
Peter W. Axelson, M.S.M.E., A.T.P. – Project Director
Denise Chesney, M.E.B.M.E. – Research Coordinator
Beneficial Designs, Inc.
Santa Cruz, California

Research Team:

  • Patricia Longmuir, M.Sc. – Exercise Science Consultant
  • Ken Coutts, Ph.D. – Exercise Physiology Consultant
  • Stacy Rose – Research Assistant
  • Jeremy Smith – Research Technician
  • Joe Ysselstein, B.S. – Research Assistant

This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (the Access Board) under contract number QA96005001. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Access Board.


The development of objective surface measurement devices and objective surface testing was conducted with funding from the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research in the National Institute

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6 ways to get more kitchen space

Hero Images/Getty

No matter how small your kitchen is, you can always find clever ways to make more room. 

From expanding your counter space, to using overlooked storage opportunities, you can expand the usefulness of your kitchen without a renovation. Here are six easy ideas.

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Make more counter space

If you need an extra flat surface while preparing meals, look no further than your kitchen drawers. Open the top drawer and lay a cutting board across it for an extra surface in a pinch.

Assuming you aren’t actively using your stove, you can also rest a cutting board on top of the burners (making sure they are off and not warm or hot) to gain some extra prep space.

Create an instant island

If you have room, try a permanent solution by adding a small island in the

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Bathroom Flies Archives – What’s That Bug?

Subject: Whats this little bug?
Location: 95762 CA, US
January 13, 2014 11:06 pm
Mid January in Northern California near Sacramento. These little bugs have been bugging my plants in an aquaponics system in a hoop house. They also seem to leave webs of some kind behind. Any help would be greatly appreciated! thanks
Signature: Chris Haislet

Drain Fly

Drain Fly

Hi Chris,
This appears to be a Drain Fly or Bathroom Fly in the genus
Clogmia in the Moth Fly family Psychodinae.  We typically get identification requests regarding Drain Flies from homemakers who are perplexed by their appearance in bathrooms and kitchens.  In the home, the larvae live in the sludge that collects in drains and pipes.  According to BugGuide:  “Larvae feed on algae, fungi and bacteria in sewage and organic sludge; adults feed in polluted water and on flower nectar.”  We don’t believe they have any interest in your plants,

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Kitchen Whiz: Easy Dalgona Alternatives For Non-Coffee Drinkers

You know what else is taking over social media other than TikTok, Instagram Story bingo, and the “Until Tomorrow” challenge? Dalgona coffee! Following its popularity in South Korea, this creamy, easy-to-make coffee has since sent everyone making their own right at home. This, especially after people saw it on this user’s TikTok account.

Not really a coffee drinker? Worry not as the Dalgona coffee can still be enjoyed in different ways—check out these recipes below that will make you enjoy the craze without the caffeine!

[related:Kitchen Whiz: 8 Ways You Can Enjoy Oatmeal At Home]



  • Ice
  • Milk
  • 1/4 cup white sugar
  • 1/4 cup water
  • 1 tsp matcha powder
  • 1 egg white


  1. Separate the egg white into a small mixing bowl. Beat the egg using a whisk or
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Rom Decor

Complete Bedroom Package

Louis Philipe Bedroom Set Collage

Price: From $800.00 to $995.00

Complete Bedroom Package


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Whether you’re furnishing an entire room or simply adding an accent piece to add the finish touch we have something to suit every room, taste and budget. From classic to contemporary and everything in between, you’ll find the furniture you’re looking for at a price that’s just as attracting.


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17 Different Types of House Siding (with Photo Examples)

6 houses with different types of siding.

The ultimate home siding guide setting out 17 types of home siding with photo examples, pros, cons, costs and more.

Exterior siding has multiple purposes. Considering each of these will help you find the right option for your home.

The most noticeable purpose is aesthetics. The material you choose for the exterior of your home largely influences its overall architectural style.

Siding also protects your home from weather and improves insulation. Different materials work better for different climates, such as those that are very hot versus those that are very cold.

Finally, the right type of exterior siding influences your home resell value. Choose the right type, and the curb appeal will skyrocket.

We break down each type, including vinyl, plastic, cement, wood, and much more, below to help you find the best option for your home.

The first and most important factor to consider is the type of exterior

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How often should I repaint the exterior of my home?

Location matters when you’re buying a home; you look at the neighborhood, the proximity to good schools and to work, and whether or not it’s close to the things you enjoy doing. Don’t underestimate the importance of curb appeal, whether you’re in the market to sell your house or not. The condition of your yard as well as the condition of the exterior of your home are your home’s first impression to anyone who happens by it; and while you may be all buttoned up when it comes to the state of affairs of your front yard foliage, maintaining the exterior paint on your home may be a different story.

Some professionals will tell you you’ll need to repaint the exterior of your home in as little as 4 to 6 years to keep it looking good; others will give you as many as 15 years before the work needs

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Rustic Stone Home Decor And More is the source for all of your natural stone home decor needs. Our catalog includes hundreds of decorative and functional accessories made from a variety of materials including Marble, Slate, Onyx, Gemstone, Travertine, Sandstone and Quartz.

Due to the inherent properties of natural stone, each piece is a one of a kind, with the colors in the surface of the material forming in distinct ways. This ensure that any item which you recieve from us will be unique in appearance, and nobody else in the world will own anything that looks quite like your piece of home decor.

Rustic Stone Home Decor – Sorted by type of stone, Gemstone, Alabaster, Marble, Onyx.

Natural Stone Tile – Slate, sandstone, marble, travertine, limestone, quartzite

marble home decor

We have over 20 years experience working in the natural stone industry. During this time we have acted as direct importers, distributors, manufacturers, fabricators, and designers, and

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The War Against Coronavirus Comes to the Bathroom

illustration of a late-1800s bathroom
A state-of-the-art bathroom of the late 1800s, when concerns about hygiene and infectious disease began to reshape American homes. New York Public Library

Cholera and tuberculosis outbreaks transformed the design and technology of the home bathroom. Will Covid-19 inspire a new wave of hygiene innovation?

If Lloyd Alter were building a new house right now, he’d be sure to add one unusual feature: a bathroom sink in the front vestibule. “We’re going to see a real resurgence of the vestibule, I think,” says Alter, a former architect and design historian who now teaches Sustainable Design at the Ryerson School of Interior Design. “This is a transition zone from the outside to the inside, where you take off your dirty stuff and you wash your hands before you go into the house.”

Alter predicted that disease-avoidance would rise to the fore of bathroom design a few years ago, when

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Home Tips: Repainting Stucco – Sherwin-Williams

From the Experts at Sherwin-Williams: Tips for homeowners on re-painting stucco

Q: The stucco on my home’s exterior looks faded. What can I do to make it look new again?

A: Stucco, like many surfaces, can fade – especially when it’s exposed to direct sunlight. But, making it look new again is easy. Quality paint can revive the look of your stucco, giving your home a fresh, new appearance.

Q: What if I want to completely change the color of my stucco?

A: No problem. Just like any surface (for example, wood siding), stucco can be repainted to suit your color preferences. If you want to achieve a darker shade than your original stucco color, and the surface is in good shape, quality paint can probably provide the coverage you need in one coat. Painting a lighter shade over a darker tone may require two coats. When selecting a new

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